Astronomy is considered to be the oldest science as it unfolded thousands of years ago. Astronomy emerged as a response to many practical requirements of humans such as tracking time, passing of seasons, finding routes in the sea and land, time to plant crops, time for harvest, etc. In its initial days, it was easy for common people to relate to astronomy and to understand the techniques used in the emerging scientific study of astronomy.
Modern astronomy implements state-of-the-art equipment and its language has shifted to complicated physics and math. Even though astronomical achievements are well-appreciated by people worldwide, most people do not understand what astronauts do and how the subject is relevant to their day-to-day lives. Several people doubt whether it is worth it to invest in space research. Even though astronomy cannot be directly used in applications and inventions, it has a huge impact on human lives and the earth.
Education is one of the areas where astronomy plays a very big role. A fundamental study of astronomical principles is essential in developing an individual literate in science. Astronomical study at the primary level will help students to develop their interest in subjects like Physics, math, etc. Astronomical science students at the University learn to evaluate various data and search for patterns, gaining reasoning and problem-solving skills. Common people can benefit from astronomy programs aimed at the general public.
Astronomy is strongly connected with other subjects. One cannot separate astronomy from other scientific studies. The development in astronomical science benefits physics, chemistry, geography, biology, computer science, etc., and vice-versa. Institutions and scientists around the world are brought together for multidisciplinary research.
- Well-being of earth
Astronauts not only study stars and other planets, but they also study earth. Many projects use space probes and observatories on the ground to monitor the health and well-being of the earth. There are numerous spacecraft to study the ice, land, oceans, and atmosphere of the earth. They provide important information about the earth to scientists. They also give information on weather forecasts, disaster regions’ images, quality of air, etc. Thus, the government of that region can take necessary steps to rescue people from disasters and calamities.
Engineers are pushed to design and create various things for astronomy. This includes ultra-sensitive receivers, huge telescopes, materials capable of withstanding intense heat, etc. Most of the inventions are designed for astronomy, and then adopted into the everyday lives of the general public. WiFi and satellite navigations are the most notable examples in this regard.
- Safety of the humanity
Things like asteroids can be dangerous for human life. Astronomers observe the sky for threats like these and ensure that they fall at a distance far away from the earth. Scientists try to develop strategies for collision prevention.
The results of technological and scientific research in astronomy, particularly in electronics and optics, have become vital in everyday life. Therefore, it is important to teach astronomy at a very young age. Astronomy is one of those scientific fields that can communicate with society directly.